Extended Community Climate Change Project- Flood (ECCCP- Flood)


Extended Community Climate Change Project- Flood (ECCCP- Flood)

Background
The impacts of climate change in Bangladesh are becoming increasingly evident. It has already been reflected in the natural disasters like floods, flash floods, salinity ingress, tidal surge, drought, etc. The frequency and the intensity of these disasters are ever increasing. The poor are at the highest risk. Women and children will be affected worse than any other groups in the community due to their low capacity to cope with the shocks. The poor and marginalized communities living in the flood-prone areas generally depend on agriculture for their livelihood which is highly sensitive to climate change. These climate-induced disasters affect habitation, availability of water, and sanitation systems. ECCCP-Flood aims to provide climate-resilient shelters, livelihood, drinking water sources, and sanitation systems for these people.

The project sought grant finance from the Green Climate Fund (GCF) in the reality that the people living in the riverine char areas are highly vulnerable to climate change fallout, particularly floods. Their homesteads see regular inundation during a normal flood. Their livelihoods depend on subsistence agriculture and agriculture wage labor which also are very sensitive to flooding. They lose their crops almost every alternative year. The women in the char areas are particularly vulnerable to floods because they have to look after children and old members of the households in addition to collecting drinking water, cooking food, looking after poultry and livestock, and other household activities. Adolescent girls and women are also vulnerable to sexual harassments during a flood because they have to stay on the embankments or flood shelters. These poor communities always struggle to meet their daily necessary commodities and have the least capacity to address additional threats.

Goal
To increase the resilience of the poor, marginalized and climate-vulnerable communities to the adverse effects of climate change in the flood-prone areas of Bangladesh.

Outcomes, outputs and activities

Outcome 1: Institutions (Implementing Entities) and community groups strengthened capacity on addressing climate change

Output: 1.1: Climate change adaptation groups (CCAGs) formed and operationalized
Activity 1.1.1: Beneficiary selection and group formation
Activity 1.1.2: Preparing beneficiaries’ socio-economic profile
Activity 1.1.3: Arranging monthly group meetings on climate change issues of CCAGs

Output 1.2: Preparation of vulnerability assessment and adaptation action plan
Activity 1.2.1: Carrying out participatory vulnerability assessment
Activity 1.2.2: Preparing local-level adaptation action plan using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) tools

Output 1.3: Training and workshops on climate change conducted for beneficiaries and stakeholders
Activity 1.3.1: Preparing training manuals and guidelines on climate change issues and project management
Activity 1.3.2: Preparing training plan and organizing training sessions for beneficiaries
Activity 1.3.3: Organizing training for IE staff
Activity 1.3.4: Organizing exchange visits for CCAG members and IE staff
Activity 1.3.5: Organizing workshops and seminars

Output 1.4: Preparation and dissemination of knowledge products
Activity 1.4.1: Preparing and disseminating knowledge products

Outcome 2: Protection of homesteads from adverse effects of flood

Output 2.1: Raised homesteads above flood level
Activity 2.1.1: Raising homestead plinths in clusters

Output 2.2: Reconstruction of climate-resilient houses
Activity 2.2.1: Providing financial support to reconstruct climate-resilient houses on raised plinths

Outcome 3: Increased access to safe water and sanitation

Output 3.1: Installation of flood-resilient tubewells
Activity 3.1.1: Installing tube wells

Output 3.2: Construction of sanitary latrines
Activity 3.2.1: Construct climate-resilient sanitary latrines

Outcome 4: Access to flood-resilient livelihood

Output 4.1: Rearing of goats/sheep in slatted houses
Activity 4.1.1: Providing support to rearing goats/sheep in slatted houses

Output 4.2: Cultivation of flood-tolerant crops
Activity 4.2.1: Cultivation of flood-resilient rice varieties BRRI Dhan 51 & 52, and BINA Dhan 11
Activity 4.2.2: Cultivation of early and disease-protective wheat variety BARI 26
Activity 4.2.3: Cultivationg of vegetables on sand bars

Participants
The total number of direct project participants are 90,000 (20,000 Households). The participant selection criteria are as follows:

  1. Those living in riverine char and low-lying flood vulnerable areas
  2. Priority on women-headed households and other disadvantaged groups
  3. Poor and ultra-poor households [defined in the Household Income and Expenditure Survey (HIES 2016) of the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS 2017)]
  4. Daily income standing at less than USD 1.75,
  5. Those not receiving any support from other projects or organizations

Targeted Areas
The project will be implemented in 5 flood-prone districts of Bangladesh — Nilphamari, Lalmonirhat, Kurigram, Gaibandha and Jamalpur.
Duration: 4 years (27 April 2020 – 26 April 2024)
Budget: USD 13.33 million
Funded by: Green Climate Fund (GCF)

Reports and Publication